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The infantile dyslalia it is a language disorder that is diagnosed with some ease in a child. When a child over 4 years old mispronounces words, not achieving a correct articulation of the syllables, the child's family and educational environment notices it easily.
At first, many will try to help you, correcting the way you speak. However, without a targeted and specialized treatment, it is very difficult to solve the problem in a home way.
Childhood dyslalia is usually detected in the early years of the child, and although it does not represent seriousness, it is convenient to correct it as soon as possible, to avoid conduct and behavior problems in children.
An early diagnosis of this child's speech difficulty is extremely important because, very often, other children laugh at the articulation or pronunciation defect, and imitate in a ridiculous and mocking way, the way of speaking of the child with dyslalias.
This can aggravate the problem of the child, causing disorders in his personality, insecurity, low self-esteem, communication problems with his environment, and other difficulties that can alter his school learning.
It is convenient to know that children with dyslalias need treatment with a specialist who will apply the appropriate treatment, with the help of games and a lot of family collaboration. And is that dyslalia is a problem that does not disappear without the intervention of a specialist. The intervention of a speech therapist or a hearing and language teacher, whose objective is for the child to learn to articulate sounds correctly, begins with an assessment of the child's articulatory level, and a program based on the following steps:
1. Stimulation of the child's ability to make sounds, reproducing movements and postures, experimenting with vowels and consonants. You will be taught to compare and differentiate sounds.
2. Stimulation of the coordination of the movements necessary for the pronunciation of sounds: lip and tongue exercises. The child is taught the correct positions of the most difficult sounds.
3. Realization of exercises where the child must produce sound within syllables until the muscle pattern necessary for sound articulation is automated.
4. At this point, the child will be ready to start with whole words through games.
5. Once the child is able to pronounce difficult sounds, try to do it outside the sessions, that is, in his spontaneous language and not only in the therapeutic sessions.
Treatment consists of exercise the muscles that are involved in the production of sounds. The therapy focuses on games that facilitate the acquisition of the necessary skills. It requires the involvement and participation of both the child and his family, so that the process can be followed and complemented by them at home. When the cause of the disorder comes from physical malformations, a medical procedure will be required to help the child overcome difficulties in the development of speech abilities.
When the cause of the disorder is phonological delays, a specialized educational intervention will be necessary to achieve the acquisition of the skills to produce speech sounds in a complete way. There are cases, such as the lingual frenulum that requires surgical intervention.
You can read more articles similar to Treatment of childhood dyslalia, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.