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Natural or vaginal delivery is a physiological process that heralds the birth of a baby. Labor is one of the main concerns of pregnant women, especially first-time mothers who have not gone through this experience yet.
Be mom it is a job that is learned through practice and preparing for childbirth is an information job that helps you to be calmer and more confident when the time comes. Even if you don't know anything about the process and stages of labor, childbirth preparation courses can help you in this regard. You will also be able to learn about alternative delivery methods, and talk to your doctor about the delivery that interests you or the one that you will actually need.
Don't wait any longer to call your doctor, day or night, when:
- Contractions occur every 5 or 10 minutes.
- You break the placenta and a dark greenish brown fluid with spots comes out.
- You notice spots of vaginal bleeding.
- You cannot walk or speak during contractions.
- You notice some dilation.
The birthing process usually lasts 8 to 12 hours, although there are exceptions. It all depends on the state of the mother and the baby. Labor begins with the first contractions caused by effacement of the cervix until it disappears completely. Contractions usually occur every 20 to 30 minutes, and last about 15 to 20 seconds each.
Once the cervix has disappeared, the contractions increase due to the progressive dilation of the neck, which must have a maximum opening of 10 cm to allow it to baby. Until the baby comes out, this process usually takes about 6 to 8 hours, depending on whether or not it is the mother's first delivery.
Once the process of dilation of the cervixGenerally, it is normal to start feeling light contractions every 10 to 15 minutes, with an average duration of 20 seconds. At this point, the opening of your uterus will be about an inch. The contractions continue, and they intensify. They usually obey the following rhythm:
- Contractions every 5 minutes, lasting between 30 and 40 seconds, dilation of about 5 cm.
- Contractions every 3 or 4 minutes, lasting 40 to 45 seconds, dilation of about 6 cm.
- Contractions every 2 or 3 minutes, lasting 45 to 50 seconds, 8 cm dilation.
- Contractions every 1 or 2 minutes, lasting approximately 1 minute, dilation of almost 10 cm. When you reach this stage, you will have little time between one contraction and another to recover. You may feel a warm, stretching and burning sensation in the vagina, accompanied by sweating around the mouth.
When the neck reaches 10 cm of dilation, the process of expelling the baby begins. The contractions will recede and come on every 2 to 3 minutes. Surely the doctor, when you are ready, will ask you to make pushes to push the baby out. In this phase, the baby's head enters the birth canal and goes down to the perineum in an internal rotation movement.
When the doctor can see 3 or 4 cm of the newborn's head, he or she will perform, if necessary, an episiotomy (a cut in the perineum area at the entrance to the vagina) to facilitate the baby's exit, and avoid tears due to the effort and pressure of the baby. The doctor will ask you to continue pushing your baby, and once one shoulder comes out and then the other, the rest of the body will effortlessly pop out on its own. And at this moment you will feel pain, but the feeling of relief will be intense and you will be able to enjoy the joy because, your child has just been born! Childbirth it ends with the expulsion of the placenta.
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