The most common questions about premature babies

The most common questions about premature babies

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When a mother has a premature baby Hundreds of doubts assail him in this regard, including a feeling of guilt, for this early birth of the baby, however, it must be made clear that in most cases, the causes of the factors responsible for premature birth are unknown.

Although a premature baby usually has many associated problemsNowadays, the cases in which the child does not succeed are very rare. Early care and medical advances have made a high survival rate in premature babies.

Here we leave you some of the answers to the most common questions and doubts that parents of premature babies have.

Babies need 40 weeks to complete their basic growth inside the mother's womb. They are the mammals that incomplete They are born, since the rest of living beings at birth are capable of walking, swimming by themselves, and some are even totally independent.

In the case of man, the great head size, in relation to the narrow birth canal, and narrow hips, the result of the evolution of walking upright, prevents the baby from really being able tofully develop within us, which would be two years later. This is why babies are so defenseless and totally dependent on us, unlike other animals.

When a baby is early in its birth, it creates great concern among those around him, since they usually have problems associated with his lack of development, and that can have repercussions in the future.

Therefore it is clear that the more premature a baby is, more problems associates develops.

In recent years, medical advances have evolved remarkably and, despite the fact that there are a million deaths among premature infants annually, the truth is that this percentage has decreased greatly, and aftermath of the immaturity of the baby are less and less.

It is normal for parents to be assaulted by numerous Doubts about premature babies, in We will try to answer the most common questions about premature babies.

The most common questions from parents:

1- When is a baby premature?

A premature baby It is one that is born before the 37th week of gestation; if the birth occurs before week 29 and weighing less than 1.5 kg, we are talking about a baby great premature.

While 10% of those born are premature, only between 1% and 2% are very premature.

2- Are there ways to prevent premature birth?

It is very difficult to know. Sometimes it is possible to see if the labor will be advanced with the ultrasound that is performed at 20 weeks gestation, since if the cervix is ​​very short there is a greater risk of premature delivery.

3- What consequences will it have if the baby is born early?

The complications that premature children carry will be determined by the week in which they are born and the quality and professionalism of the early attention.

Although the survival of premature babies currently reaching 90%, normally it is tried that the mother hold the baby inside as long as possible; every day the baby spends inside us is less of a problem.

The most common associated problems are ipulmonary maturity, alterations in vision, hearing or psychomotor retardation. More occasionally, in the case of large preterm infants, they may have a cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral palsy or a prominent psychomotor deficit.

4- Why was he born prematurely?

The exact reasons for precocious deliveries are not known, although there are risk factor's such as multiple pregnancies of twins, triplets ..., hypertension, diabetes or infections. Teen mothers also have a higher rate of preterm birth.

5- What special care should you follow?

Before 28 weeks the baby will be in an incubator that reproduces the conditions inside the uterus, as far as possible.

From that week on, the contact tactic can be put into practice skin to skin through the kangaroo method, placing your child naked on your chest, covered with a blanket, for an hour or more. With this technique it has been proven that they are given cardiorespiratory stability, have fewer pauses of apnea,and promotes breastfeeding and bonding with parents.

6- When can I take you home?

The normal thing is that you can take it home when it weighs a few 2 kg, have all organs fully developed, breathe normally, and be able to suck on his own.

The sooner we do not take it home the better, since in hospitals they can catch infections.

7- Can I breastfeed my premature baby?

Breast milk is the best that your baby can drink, however it is often difficult, since some do not yet have the instinct to suck. If the baby is a large preterm, between the 24th and 25th week, it can only be fed through one probe in which water is supplied with glucose, vitamins, fats and proteins.

As soon as he catches the sucking reflex, you can put it on your breast, or express milk for a nurse to supply.

Keep in mind that as they are so small they will eat slowly, little and slowly, since they tend to tire quickly.

You can read more articles similar to The most common questions about premature babies, in the Premature category on site.

Video: Neurodevelopment of Preterm Babies (August 2022).