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We enter the final stretch of the third trimester of pregnancy and, perhaps, the eighth month of gestation is the most uncomfortable in terms of the discomfort of pregnancy. Around week 36 of pregnancy, the discomfort of pregnancy may intensify, the baby is placed head down, preparing to be born in a cephalic position, and each day has less room to move.
Due to the volume of an abdomen that continues to grow, it is possible that in the eighth month pregnancy, feel that it takes more effort to perform some tasks that you used to do before. In addition, the child can be born at any time, so it is advisable to increase the rest and consult with the gynecologist before going on a trip. Some gynecologists advise taking leave now. We analyze the main discomforts of pregnancy in the eighth month of gestation.
- Weight gain. Gaining between 9 and 12 kilos throughout pregnancy is ideal. In contrast, some women find it difficult to stay within these parameters. If you have reached the eighth month of pregnancy and have already gained 11 kilos, it is possible that you will end your pregnancy with 14 or 15 kilos, if you do not take the appropriate measures. Your gynecologist will recommend the most appropriate diet for you.
- Acidity. Heartburn or acid reflux is a burning sensation, which extends from the lower part of the breastbone to the lower part of the throat, as a result of hormonal changes. Progesterone relaxes the valve that separates the esophagus from the stomach, so that gastric acids flow back from the stomach into the esophagus, causing the sensation of heartburn. Progesterone also slows down peristaltic contractions in the esophagus and intestines, slowing digestion. Also, as the pregnancy progresses, your baby gets bigger and bigger and presses on your stomach, displacing stomach acids into the esophagus. Unfortunately, in most cases, this persists until the baby is born.
- Contractions. By week 36, the fetus is usually placed in the definitive cephalic position for birth, that is, head down. When the baby reaches this position, you may feel isolated contractions or diffuse pain in the lower abdomen.
- Hemorrhoids. Pregnancy predisposes the body to hemorrhoids and varicose veins in the legs and sometimes even the vulva. This is due to the pressure exerted by the uterus on the veins in the pelvis. The return of blood from the extremities slows down, increasing the pressure on the veins below the uterus, causing them to dilate or widen more. Constipation is another associated problem that often aggravates hemorrhoids by straining to have a bowel movement.
- Constipation. It is one of the most common pregnancy ailments and is due, in part, to the action of the hormone progesterone, which slows the movement of food through the digestive system. Iron supplements can also make constipation worse.
1. Acidity. It is one of the most uncomfortable pregnancy discomforts for pregnant women. You can reduce the discomfort caused by heartburn by avoiding carbonated, caffeinated, and alcoholic beverages; the chocolate; acidic foods such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, mustard and vinegar; mint and spicy products. Plus:
- Eat small amounts five times a day and chew your food well.
- Avoid drinking a lot of liquids with food so that your stomach does not swell.
- Chew gum after a meal, because gum stimulates the salivary glands and saliva helps neutralize acid.
- Have dinner two or three hours before going to bed, to digest before going to bed.
- Sleep lying on several pillows to elevate your upper body and keep your stomach acids in place.
- Only use antacids recommended by the gynecologist. Some can be taken during pregnancy, but if they have aluminum, aspirin, or a high sodium content they are contraindicated.
2. Diffuse pain in the pelvis or false contractions. Avoid forcing yourself to do an activity if it is causing you pain. Move little but often and rest regularly sitting up straight and well supported. Plus:
- Avoid lifting or pushing heavy things (supermarket trolleys usually cause severe pain).
- Sit down to get dressed. Try to tuck your legs into pants, skirts, or underwear when sitting, never when standing.
- Try not to spread your legs or make sudden movements when getting in or out of a car or going up stairs.
- Practice Kegel exercises, which help reduce stress on the pelvis during pregnancy.
3. Hemorrhoids. To ease your pregnancy discomfort, try applying an ice pack to the affected area, several times a day. Ice helps reduce swelling and discomfort, as does warm baths in the bidet or bathtub with the rectal area submerged. You can also alternate a cold treatment with a warm one, starting with an ice pack followed by a warm sitz bath. Finally, apply a specific ointment or cream, recommended by the gynecologist, specific for pregnancy.
4. Constipation. Fiber will be your best ally to combat constipation. Whole grains, whole wheat bread and, in general, fresh fruits and vegetables have a good fiber content. Always accompany them with a glass of water so that the fiber swells in the stomach and exerts its drag function. Fruit juices, especially plum juices, and a kiwi each morning can help you visit the bathroom as regularly as you need. Plus:
- Exercise regularly. Walking, swimming, and yoga can help relieve constipation.
- If you feel like going to the bathroom, don't leave it for later.
- Consult with your gynecologist before taking a fiber supplement.
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