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Play is a very important and fundamental part of the child's life and development and is the way to elaborate and express feelings and to develop all kinds of intellectual, social and moral competences.
Play and children's activities are a very useful resource for working with children, and in this case they will serve as a resource to teach children to solve problems and conflicts.
In these games conflict situations arise, or that use some aspect related to them and allow us to personally experiment, with situations taken from reality, the different alternatives we have to solve the problems we face.
The steps to teach children to resolve conflicts can be summarized as:
- Help the child to identify the problem and express it correctly.
- Help the child generate solutions. "How can we solve this problem?" allow the child to generate a variety of positive solutions to the problem and help him to generate ideas if none occurs to him (we can give past examples). We can see which solutions are positive and which are negative, (Would paste be a good solution?)
- Try one of the solutions. Part of troubleshooting is trial and error, so if the first solution doesn't work, we'll try another!
- Remind the child of steps taken to solve the problem. Remembering the problem-solving process, from identifying the problem to finding a solution that works, will help your child internalize the steps so they can work toward solving a problem more independently later.
- Praise the child when you solve the problem, and reinforce those behaviors.
At home, we can use stories, games, or start from everyday situations to promote the acquisition and development of skills that help our child to solve problems and conflicts.
The readings and stories are a very useful tool for parents to teach and help the little ones to solve problems and conflicts. We can include them in your daily reading routine or bedtime story time. We can read it ourselves or have them read it, and while we read or after reading we can ask some questions, like these:
- What happened to the protagonist or protagonists?
- How have you solved the problem?
- What could I have done? Other solutions or alternatives.
- Does this ever happen to us?
- What would we do or what would we do in a similar situation?
The story helps us to pose problems if we need to focus on the child, but rather solutions are raised through another character and helps them reflect and seek creative solutions to conflicts and problems.
- Make Friends, This is not how you play, Elena y el camino azul is part of the Cuento Contigo Collection, aimed at children between 6 and 10 years old (and their families), especially those who are more restless, more impulsive, who have more Difficulty controlling your emotions. They are especially suitable for children with Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity (ADHD) or Asperger's but we can use them with all children, with or without difficulties.
- Begoña Ibarrola has a magnificent collection of books and stories to work on emotional intelligence, coexistence, conflicts ...
- Two Monsters. David McKee. Two monsters live on opposite sides of a mountain, and they cannot agree on whether the day begins or the night ends. The monsters insult each other and throw rocks at each other, until they make a surprising discovery. Recommended age: + 3
We can also perform Cooperative games in which reaching the solution is not possible without the joint work of all those who participate. For example, we can play Tangram, or do group puzzles, but we can do it under the condition that we cannot talk to each other, or that we only have one hand to play and analyze later what has happened, why it has been more difficult to solve the puzzle, the importance of communicating with each other, asking for help, etc ...
Ultimately, it is about children, through play or reading, being able to acquire skills or practice solving day-to-day problems, or conflicts with other children, siblings, or with the parents themselves, who stop to think and analyze the situations to reach a satisfactory solution.
You can read more articles similar to Activities to teach children to resolve conflicts, in the On-site Learning category.