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Many parents worry about whether their child's respiratory symptoms are due to an infectious cause (cold), or if it could be due to an allergy. Following We bring you 10 tips to differentiate a cold from an allergy in children. You will see how you learn to distinguish them.
1. Fever. The presence of fever is usually synonymous with infection, so we are inclined to think that the child's process is a cold.
2. General malaise. In colds, muscle aches and general discomfort are common. Not so in allergic processes.
3. Age. Below 3-4 years of age, environmental allergies are very rare. The cough and mucus in this case, would be attributable to a cold.
4. Family epidemic environment. If there are more members of the family suffering from a febrile process, or who also have respiratory symptoms, we must think of a catarrhal picture, rather than an allergy.
5. Consistency of mucus. The "water consistency" mucus, maintained over time, is typical of allergic processes. In colds, although initially the mucus has that consistency, as the days go by, they become thicker.
6. Repeated sneezing. In colds, you can sneeze, but in isolation. If sneezing is very overt ("non-stop"), you have to think about an allergy.
7. Nasal itching. The itch is typical of allergies.
8. Appearance of symptoms in a specific place. If the symptoms appear in a specific place (for example, in the field, during the spring), we have to think of an allergic condition.
9. Duration of symptoms. Although colds produce symptoms for 2-3 weeks, environmental allergies produce even more persistent and stable symptoms over time.
10. Seasonality. Many of the allergic processes show a seasonal character (for example, in Spain grasses pollinate in spring). Colds can appear at any time, although during the cold months they are more frequent.
You can read more articles similar to 10 clues to differentiate a cold from an allergy in children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.