We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
"Mom, am I fat? At school they call me a whale, they tell me I'm short ... they won't let me play football because they say I'm very clumsy ...". These comments, innocent many times, may be covering up something more serious such as complexes. Having a chubby, short, very tall complex with glasses, ... teeth means that children judge and value themselves for a certain aspect of their physique that the environment tells them is "not normal." These comments can affect children's self-esteem and self-concept, leading to what we call complexes in childhood.
- Self-knowledge in children begins to form from the early childhood (from 0 to 2 years old). Children gradually become aware of themselves from a very young age, and in this process social interactions are very important.
- From 2 years Self-concept begins to form, which has to do with the image they have of themselves and refers to the characteristics they use to define themselves and to differentiate themselves from others and is a process of construction by the child throughout their entire life. development that begins to be defined in childhood. In this process, both the child's level of cognitive development and social experiences are very important (family and school are very important here).
- Between 3-4 years their descriptions of themselves are usually very simple and comprehensive, in terms of I am good, bad, big or small. Later, and before 6 years of age, it becomes more complex, a girl may think that she is good at some things and bad at others (I'm good at painting but bad at reading).
At these ages, the descriptions that boys and girls usually make are closely related to physical attributes, (I have long hair, I am tall, short ...) and it is not an elaborate self-concept, nor are they still compared with the rest of children. At these ages, therefore, the information obtained from abroad is very important, both from parents, teachers and schoolmates. What they think of them is essential to build that self-concept.
- From 6 to 12 years old, the construction of this knowledge about themselves continues to grow and their valuation of themselves evolves a lot. At this stage, it is important to bear in mind that those descriptions that they make of themselves are gaining stability, that is, it is no longer a "one day I was bad because I hit my friend", but rather, a "I'm bad because I hit" with an already more stable character in the child.
- Between 6 and 8 years old, the descriptions they make of themselves are increasingly refined, they compare themselves with themselves, (before I liked this and now I don't like it at all), and the self is the main reference element, (I am very happy when they come my friends to play).
- Between 8 and 12 years, interpersonal relationships take on special importance and comparisons with other children are becoming more evident. That is to say, the image that is being built has more and more elements that come from what others think or think about them, and they begin to be valued both positively and negatively (I am good at math but bad at language, I have friends but Juan has more than me).
Self-esteem is built like self-concept from early childhood and gradually becomes more complex as development progresses.
The complexes can appear from a very early age, and affect the child's self-esteem and self-concept, so it is important to pay attention to what children tell us or their mood.
These complexes can be related to physique, (being tall or short, wearing glasses, being more or less chubby, being good at certain activities or not), or with academics, ("I'm stupid because I read badly or get bad grades "). or with the social, ("I have no friends because I behave badly, nobody wants to play with me" ....)
You can read more articles similar to Complexes in childhood, in the category of Self-esteem on site.