The most suitable footwear for pregnant women

The most suitable footwear for pregnant women

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The use of the most recommended footwear during pregnancy will depend on the physical and hormonal changes that occur during these months. And it is that as the pregnancy progresses, certain changes occur such as weight gain and increased lumbar curvature (lumbar hyperlordosis).

These two facts cause a overexertion in legs and feet. And as the weight increases, the plantar arch gradually decreases. Another reason for this: the connective tissue gains elasticity during pregnancy thanks to certain hormones, such as relaxin.

The physical and hormonal changes will produce a change in the axis of gravity of the pregnant woman, which worsens her balance. For this reason, falls are more frequent during the gestational period.

During the first trimester of pregnancy, when most of the body changes that occur in the nine months have not yet occurred, the expectant mother can wear the shoes that she used before conception.

These recommendations are not valid for the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. From the second, the aforementioned physical changes take place: the increase in uterine volume and maternal weight. It is, from this moment on, when we must put more care in choosing daily footwear.

Wide last and low heel (not flat) in pregnancy, this is the most suitable for pregnant women. The most recommended shoe is that comfortable shoe that stabilizes the foot. The use of sandals with small areas of support, or open shoes can lead to trips and falls.

Wide-fitting shoes are recommended to increase the base of support. In this way, we gain some stability and promote balance. In addition, synthetic fabrics whose elasticity is less should be avoided. Are preferable natural and semi-synthetic fabrics with a certain flexibility that allows it to adapt to the shape of the foot. Too rigid fabrics will favor imbalance since areas of compression, small chafing and discomfort will appear that produce an alteration in the attitude of support and favor falls.

The recommended heel during the gestational period does not vary with respect to the recommendations for the general population. The ideal heel height to maintain the most ergonomic posture possible is between 2 and 4 centimeters. This is the most suitable height that requires less muscle and ligament tone to maintain posture.

But this does not mean that at a specific moment, for a celebration or event, a pregnant woman cannot use a higher heel. On the contrary, footwear that has a heel lower than 2 centimeters or flat footwear are not recommended, since they favor the elongation of the Achilles tendon, the possibility of plantar fasciitis and instability.

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